catfish species list

Amphiliidae Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food. [6] Pterygoplichthys species, released by aquarium fishkeepers, have also established feral populations in many warm waters around the world. There are also reports in the region of deaths from being swallowed by these fish. Catfish are relatively inactive and do not migrate for spawning, unlike other inland species such as trout, golden perch or Murray cod. The NC Wildlife Action Plan also identifies several catfish species as Species of Greatest Conservation Need (SGCN). Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. They are bluish-gray on their back and sides and white underneath. Click on the species name to view the detailed information for the species… Bobby Hicks is a small 21-acre lake in south Tampa that has a maximum depth of 19 feet and is part of the FWC’s Urban Fisheries Program. Malapteruridae [61][62][63][64][65] The three main lineages in Siluriformes are the family Diplomystidae, the denticulate catfish suborder Loricarioidei (which includes the families Nematogenyidae, Trichomycteridae, Callichthyidae, Scoloplacidae, Astroblepidae, and Loricariidae, which is sometimes referred to as the superfamily Loricarioidea), and the suborder Siluroidei, which contains the remaining families of the order. This is the largest giant Mekong catfish caught since Thai officials started keeping records in 1981. Double cones, though present in most teleosts, are absent from catfish. In addition if you're not too sure about classification (terms like family, species, genus etc) click here. By contrast, in the subfamily Doumeinae (family Amphiliidae) and in hoplomyzontines (Aspredinidae), the armor is formed solely by expanded vertebral processes that form plates. Neither the armour-plated types nor the naked types have scales. Many catfish species have "stings" (actually non-venomous in most cases) embedded behind their fins; thus precautions must be taken when handling them. Catfish are able to produce a variety of sounds for communication that can be classified into two groups: drumming sounds and stridulation sounds. photo via: DCL Habitat: South America; Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Venezuela Status: Not Evaluated Starting off our list of freaky whiskered fish is this species of thorny catfish called the Ripsaw Catfish or Cuiu Cuiu (Oxydoras niger).It’s a a living fossil, with ancestors being traced back to the … Class: Actinopterygii Order: Siluriformes Family: Clariidae Airbreathing catfishes Genus: Clarias (See list of species below) Market names for catfish and ginseng", "United States Code, Title 21, section 343 (t). Siluridae (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1996 - 2020, part of the Aquatic Republic Network group of websites. [36], Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. [19] Because their barbels and chemoreception are more important in detecting food, the eyes on catfish are generally small. These catfish usually are purchased to perform some sort of function in terms of fish tank maintenance. Auchenipteridae Farm-raised catfish became such a staple of the U.S. diet that President Ronald Reagan established National Catfish Day on 25 June 1987 to recognize "the value of farm-raised catfish. They are the only ostariophysans that have entered freshwater habitats in Madagascar, Australia, and New Guinea. [5][55][56][57] Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae. [28], The retina of catfish are composed of single cones and large rods. Clariidae Cite this website.By accessing this site you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use. These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. In Bangladesh and the Indian states of Odisha, West Bengal and Assam, catfish (locally known as magur) is eaten as a favored delicacy during the monsoons. According to a study by Kaatz, sounds for disturbance (e.g. Trichomycteridae For an excellent introduction / overview, check out this article, failing all that, try the glossary. Aspredinidae Mystus gulio. Pseudomystus leiacanthus. Claroteidae In many catfish, the humeral process is a bony process extending backward from the pectoral girdle immediately above the base of the pectoral fin. Many species in the catfish family possess an enhanced first pectoral fin ray, called the spine, which can be moved by large abductor and adductor muscles. [52], The catfish are a monophyletic group. The largest flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 56 kilograms (123 lb). "The South American Sailfin Armored Catfish, "Size Structure, Reproductive Phenology, and Sex Ratio of an Exotic Armored Catfish (, "Chemical senses, chemical signals, and feeding behavior in fishes", "Diversity, phylogenetic distribution, and origins of venomous catfishes", "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand", "The eyes of suckermouth armoured catfish (Loricariidae, subfamily Hypostomus): pupil response, lenticular longitudinal spherical aberration and retinal topography", "Reproductive apparatus and gametogenesis of, "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São Francisco River, Pirapora Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil", "Pond Culture of Channel Catfish in the North Central Region", "'Catfish' bred in Asia move up on U.S. food chain"$, Associated Press via L.A. Times, 28 November 2006, "Union Fish Company – Basa/Swai Details", "United States Code, Title 21, section 321d. [50] Since catfish lacks scales, they are not kosher. The higher-level phylogeny of Siluriformes has gone through several recent changes, mainly due to molecular phylogenetic studies. In July 2009, a catfish weighing 88 kilograms (194 lb) was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by an 11-year-old British schoolgirl.[26]. Loricariidae CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. In an attempt to help, we present here an introductory guide to catfish families. Due to these constraints, some fish may not even be able to produce a specific sound. Piraíba (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) can grow exceptionally large and are native to the Amazon basin. Native. In loricarioids and in the Asian genus Sisor, the armor is primarily made up of one or more rows of free dermal plates. Between 2003 and 2005, over 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of the past century. Horabagridae[1] They can occasionally grow to 200 kg (440 lbs), as evidenced by numerous catches. Nematogenyiidae [31] Many catfish are cystovarian in type, including Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, P. fasciatum, Lophiosilurus alexandri, and Loricaria lentiginosa. [30][31], Catfish can produce different types of sounds and also have well-developed auditory reception used to discriminate between sounds with different pitches and velocities. Please donate to our monthly hosting costs and keep us free for everyone to enjoy!Explore our YouTube channel, Facebook page or follow us on Twitter. [58] The family Horabagridae, including Horabagrus, Pseudeutropius, and Platytropius, is also not shown by some authors but presented by others as a true group. Pimelodidae For other uses, see, Wang, J., Lu, B., Zan, R., Chai, J., Ma, W., Jin, W., Duan, R., Luo, J., Murphy, R.W., Xiao, H. & Chen, Z. Has this page been useful? [49], Fish must have fins and scales to be kosher. The new species in Lacantuniidae, Lacantunia enigmatica, was found in the Lacantun river in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[60]. Channel Catfish can easily be identified in comparison to blue catfish and flathead catfish by paying a little attention to the distinguishing features of the species. In Central Europe, catfish were often viewed as a delicacy to be enjoyed on feast days and holidays. However, they are known to exceed 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length and 100 kilograms (220 lb) in weight. "In catfish, gustation plays a primary role in the orientation and location of food". They are also able to determine the distance of the sound's origin and from what direction it originated. 24 to 29 rays in rounded anal fin, caudal fin is deeply forked, dark spots on sides when young. It is particularly cooked in a delicacy popularly known as "catfish pepper soup" which is enjoyed throughout the nation. Fish. Species List Butterfly ... Singapore Little Warty Catfish. Updated September 23, 2018 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. Broadtail Madtom, Carolina Madtom, Flat Bullhead, Mountain Madtom, Orangefin Madtom, Snail Bull-head, and Stonecat are SGCN and require conservation and protection. In 2003, The United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being labeled as catfish. Vietnamese catfish (Pangasius) cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the United States, and so is referred to as swai or basa[45] Only fish of the family Ictaluridae may be marketed as catfish in the United States. Erethistidae [63] In that study it was suggested that the fast evolution of the Loricarioidei suborder was attracting this clade to the outgroups through long branch attraction, incorrectly placing it as the earliest-branching catfish lineage. [7], Catfish do not have scales; their bodies are often naked. These fish prefer to be kept in schools of 4 or 5, so make sure your tank is large enough to accommodate that need if you choose this species. Many catfish are nocturnal,[3][4] but others (many Auchenipteridae) are crepuscular or diurnal (most Loricariidae or Callichthyidae, for example). Kryptoglanidae   Conorhynchos Catfish species are one of the largest known catfish of freshwater river system,The species of catfish are in the shark catfish family and distributed throughout the river basin of the world. Channel Catfish. [34], Catfish also have a sound-generating mechanism in their pectoral fins. Fish Identification: Find Species (See list of species below) Select Class: Myxini Cephalaspidomorphi Elasmobranchii Holocephali Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii Bullhead catfishes are easy to recognize from other North American freshwater fishes. Stings by striped eel catfish have killed people in rare cases. Sisoridae More topics in this section. In North America the largest Ictalurus furcatus (Blue catfish) caught in the Missouri River on 20 July 2010, weighed 59 kilograms (130 lb). .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, By information from International Game Fish Association IGFA the most outstanding record:[72], This article is about the animal. Recreational fishing rules and regulations. Several airbreathing catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. [22] This venom is produced by glandular cells in the epidermal tissue covering the spines. Heptapteridae Judgments as to the quality and flavor vary, with some food critics considering catfish excellent to eat, while others dismiss them as watery and lacking in flavor. The catfish species listed here are some of the most popular among hobbyists. In a 2007 and 2008 paper, Horabagrus, Phreatobius, and Conorhynchos were not classified under any current catfish families. [6] More than half of all catfish species live in the Americas. These records pale in comparison to a giant Mekong catfish caught in northern Thailand on 1 May 2005 and reported to the press almost 2 months later that weighed 293 kilograms (646 lb). ", Catfish is eaten in a variety of ways. A large amount of the lake has shoreline access and plenty of shoreline suitable for launching kayaks or small jon boats. [7], A flattened head allows for digging through the substrate as well as perhaps serving as a hydrofoil. Seminal vesicle secretion may include steroids and steroid glucuronides, with hormonal and pheromonal functions, but it appears to be primarily constituted of mucoproteins, acid mucopolysaccharides, and phospholipids. Examples of catfish too large for home aquariums include the Common Pleco, the Red-Tailed Catfish, the Plecostomus, … Phone Numbers | Accessibility | FOIA | Privacy Policy | Report Waste or Abuse to SC Inspector General | South Carolina Department of Natural Resources - Rembert C … The species list below includes popular catfish varieties as well lesser known species. 'Carpe Diem' does not mean 'fish of the day'!Often the mere sight of Latin combined into pairs of tongue twisting scientific names laid out before the hobbyist will cause them, if unfamiliar with this form of organization, to recoil in horror or at best throw up their hands in exasperation. Distribution. Flathead Catfish, Channel Catfish, Blue Catfish, Bullheads, Madtoms, Etc.

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