perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. 1 Samuel 23 Now they told David, "The Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors." 1 Samuel chapter 3. David inquired of the Lord, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" "At last someone is concerned about me! In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. 1 Samuel 23. ", 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines.". In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. Sincere obedience was the prerequisite for worship that pleased God. . God told David to go against the Philistines first. He fell flat on his face and ended up with a broken neck. Selah. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. As Samuel told him, God "has rejected you from being king" (1 Samuel 15:23). The author is anonymous. David Saves Keilah. The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. He trusted in God. . Jeshimon means "desert" or "waste" in Hebrew, so it may have been the name of a region east of Ziph. David and his men then sought refuge behind a huge rock in the area. Please write us at firstname.lastname@example.org. He opened and closed his prayer with an appeal to the "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. Read verse in New Revised Standard "We know where David is hiding," they said. The Urim (lit. The Urim (lit. 29:29). The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me to him? The Wilderness Wanderings of David. Did David do it (19)? 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines." David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) What do you learn about pride? What do you learn about David’s leadership? And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!". God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. Only God can see the big picture. "Where David had appointed to meet him at that time, and strengthened his hand in God”: He comforted and supported him against all his fears, by minding him of God’s infallible promises made to him, and his singular providence which hitherto had and still would be with him. "Good!" 1 Samuel 23:7) and praised the Ziphites for having compassion on him. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack. He sought God in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. What do you learn about pleasing God? What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? The willingness of the people of Keilah to hand their savior over to Saul demonstrates base ingratitude for David"s deliverance of them. This chapter encourages all of God"s servants who, like David, feel vulnerable to attacks by people who do not fear the Lord. ", [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . Maon stood about five miles south of Ziph in the wilderness of Judah. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? 9 David learned that Saul was making plans against him. Why do you think God showed this to David? 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. 16 Jonathan went to find David and encouraged him to stay strong in his faith in God. In contrast, … 1: Some manuscripts lack the first sentence of 23:11. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you." 21:9). But Saul kept after him. 3 Now then, what do you have on hand? For this reason God could and did work through David as His vice-regent. 23. 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. Then I'll go with you. 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. Moreover, other godly people encouraged David, namely, Abiathar the priest, who helped him in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:6), and Jonathan the prince, who reminded him of God"s promises ( 1 Samuel 23:16-18). Exodus 28:30). Some of David"s sympathizers ("they," 1 Samuel 23:25) informed him that Saul was approching with soldiers. lights) and Thummim (lit. Jonathan encouraged David "in God" (cf. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. He had 2 wives. They slaughtered the Philistines and took all their livestock and rescued the people of Keilah. David as a Fugitive. ., p175. The Birth of Samuel … 22 but Hannah did not go. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. How often do you take time to examine yourself before God? KJV Standard; KJV 1611; Mobile Site; Bible Trivia; Discussion; More... 1 Samuel King James Version (KJV) 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Discussion < Back to 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Enter New Comment . 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Only God can see the big picture. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.” . But David's sin against Bathsheba shows this most vividly of all. Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. He placed himself under God"s authority, though Saul did not. Saul piously claimed that God had delivered David into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:7). 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-samuel-23.html. God is sovereign. 16 Jonathan went to find David and encouraged him to stay strong in his faith in God. 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. He trusted in God. 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). I mentioned that as a boy, I was always looking around, wondering where all the bodies were. 1. Then I'll go with you. The Lord said to David, "Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah." (27-15) 2 Samuel 17:1–23. They prepared to go down to Keilah to attack David and his men. 1 Samuel • ... them and return the money they robbed. But when the ark of God stood opposite the staring-eyed, ugly, grotesque fish god of the Philistines, the fish god could not stand it. Leave it to the wrath of God; Matthew 5:38-39 – Turn the other cheek. "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. Had his counsel been followed, the result would have been critical for David. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. God had revealed to David, that in the end, the LORD is judge of all. To show that we trust Him, we need to do all we can to obey what He has told us in the Bible, His Word. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? Saul proceeded to seek human help in finding David from his allies ("go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;" 1 Samuel 23:22-23). Saul should have come to their rescue since he was the king, but there is no mention of him doing so. Yet, he survives by continually seeking God’s will. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. He also did it by distracting David"s enemy ( 1 Samuel 23:27-28). 1 Samuel 15:23 commentary: What happened when Saul disobeyed God? David prayed again and requested answers to two questions ( 1 Samuel 23:10-11). The writer recorded in this passage that David inquired of the Lord four times ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:10-11). What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!" “Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king.” "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. For the moment, let me simply say that the entire chapter is about greatness. 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. As Samuel returned to his place, something very important had … He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him.. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah.We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" Jonathan risked his own safety to encourage his friend again. We’d love to hear your feed-back on this study. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. God manifested His will through the Urim and Thummim in the priestly ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; cf. Introduction: Why do haters hate? In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. Abiathar had evidently remained in the forest of Hereth when David took his men to attack the Philistines in Keilah (cf. Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. in God. 1. ., p175.]. Obedience. David then moved on to Engedi, 14miles east of Ziph, to increase his safety. O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. David had sought and received divine guidance and had succeeded at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:1-14). The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. He is constantly in fear for his life. Jonathan had reached a point in his faith in God where he was willing to let go of what he wanted so he might do what God wanted. They must listen to God’s words in a humble manner; they must speak to him in a manner that respects him. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. 6:1-8). DD. He did not become anxious and just wait. Evidently the Ziphites thought that they would be better off if they informed Saul of David"s presence in their area than if the king discovered that he was there. 23 i And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, j the L ord is between you and me forever. David Flees from Saul (1 Samuel 21‐23) 5. They thought that God might destroy their entire nation because of his anger against them. Glory to Honor. ], "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. What do you learn about pride? What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? Apparently David didn’t have a great relationship with his brothers. Keilah evidently had only one gate by which people could enter and exit the town. David Saves Keilah. What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? God chose David as Saul’s 2012. "My father will never find you! 1 Samuel 23. Hannah’s Prayer - Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. 1 Samuel 15:23, then, lays out the consequence for Saul’s disobedience. B. You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware.". David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: Because if you do not kill these men, they will again murder my caravans and even my ambassadors, and the ambassadors between us will cease. Here’s 5 Lessons We Learn From the book of 2 Samuel. “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. Outline of 1 Samuel. 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a … Jealousy, Envy, Ignorance, Insecurity, Frustration A. He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. 21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. Their relationship with him is like a servant’s relationship with his master. Saul abandoned his plans to attack Keilah, and David moved on to the wilderness near Ziph. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. "My father will never find you! Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. 11 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 20.11-23 Had Jonathan wanted to, he could have easily betrayed David. Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men, What do you learn about his men? His infant son had died. We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" God manifested His will through the Urim and Thummim in the priestly ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; cf. He’s holy. "He is in the strongholds of Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is in the southern part of Jeshimon. David and the Holy Bread . 10 And David prayed, "O LORD, God of Israel, I have heard that Saul is planning to come and destroy Keilah because I am here. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? How did God deliver David? 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 20 Then David fled from ... lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 1 Samuel 22:3 "And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] with you, till I know what God will do … 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. But there is so much more we can learn from 1 Samuel 17 and this magnificent story. To obey is better than to sacrifice and to heed than the fat of rams. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. Matthew 2:1-12). he exclaimed. Now the priest joined David at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). Obviously God had not done this since David was the Lord"s anointed king-elect. Psalm 54; Philippians 4:6), and he proceeded to serve God ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:5; cf. 22 Go and check again to be sure of where he is staying and who has seen him there, for I know that he is very crafty. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). Do you shake your fist in God’s face and exclaim, “It’s not fair!”? Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you.". Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. King James Bible Online. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. I called Karl this past week to tell him that my wife and I were thinking about him and remembering him in our prayers. Why do you think God showed this to David? There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. 1-samuel 23:16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. His first concern is to bring back the ark of God. He attributed cunning to David, but Saul was really the cunning hunter in this story. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. Israel has been defeated in an initial battle with the Philistines, suffering the loss of about 4,000 lives (1 Samuel 4:1-2). Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." he exclaimed. 1 Samuel 30:6). God is sovereign. Was this the proper response? He was "the sweet psalmist of Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1 2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. God at work for David and this is the summary of 1 Samuel chapter 23. 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. What he said to David rested on God"s promises and plans for David that both Jonathan and Saul now knew (cf. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. Whereas God promised to go with David and deliver the Philistines into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4), Saul promised to go with the Ziphites to destroy David among the Judahites ( 1 Samuel 23:23). Saul was projecting his own deceitful behavior onto David. 1-2 Samuel show that sin can result in horrible consequences: Eli the priest fails to fear God and his two sons are killed because of it. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. 10 And David prayed, "O LORD, God of Israel, I have heard that Saul is planning to come and destroy Keilah because I am here. Again Saul spoke piously (cf. Cross-References. 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. God was protecting His servant. 2:2). Really it was David who was in need of compassion from these people, but he found none. "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" We can be blind to our own condition too. Saul was secretly anointed the first king of all the tribes of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1) before being publicly selected by lot (1 Samuel 10:17–24). 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. Jonathan"s encouragement of David23:15-18. Saul had taken revenge on the citizens of Nob for not telling him where David was. 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? It may appear to the Israelites and to the Philistines that God is now being held hostage by Israel’s enemies. The "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: ... their emotional highs and lows, you’ll learn more about yourself—and how God wants to work in your life. David trapped himself when he went into a city surrounded by a wall with gates and bars to lock them.” 8 Saul called all his army together for battle. 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!" Used by Permission. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army! He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. Religious observance without complete obedience is empty before God. Instead, he helped David escape from Saul. Ahithophel clearly understood David’s vulnerability at this stage of the revolt. 1. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "We have just witnessed how Saul, in an outburst of rage, became responsible for the destruction of the priestly city of Nob. (2 Samuel 1-5) David was anointed King around the age of 15 but he did not take the throne until he was 30! 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. David voiced concern for his men ( 1 Samuel 23:12) as well as for himself ( 1 Samuel 23:11). 1 Samuel 23:1). 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. The sites of Horesh ( 1 Samuel 23:15) and Hachilah ( 1 Samuel 23:19) are not certain. He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? An Unlikely Advocate - 1 Samuel 25; God Meant It for Good - Genesis 37, 50; To be used with: Session Two "It's Not About Me" Scriptures: 1 Samuel 24:1–22. God told Samuel to anoint a king as the people had asked, but also to "warn them and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over them" (1 Samuel 8:9). David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). “That’s nothing,” Karl respo… Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. God could act against them in such a severe manner that Israel would not still exist. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. "Good!" 1 Samuel 22. Twelve thousand men against the small band who had fled with David would have been a disaster for David. Saul had to break off his personal vendetta to respond to the Philistine danger (cf. BSP . [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . "He is in the strongholds of Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is in the southern part of Jeshimon. “After the boy is weaned,” she said to her husband, “I will take him to appear before the LORD and to stay there permanently.” 23 “Do what you think is best,” her husband Elkanah replied, “and stay here until you have weaned him. 1 Samuel 23. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. Did David do it (19)? He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose.