what causes stretch marks

Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. Valente DS, et al. During the stage of growth spurts: The child grows at a faster pace, especially during his or her puberty years. In: Williams Obstetrics. Al-Himdani S, et al. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. Stretch marks are particularly common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. 1. Stretch marks can occur due to a number of different reasons in both men and women, the most common of which are puberty and rapid weight gain (and pregnancy in women). Lebwohl MG, et al. The collagen tissue in some children cannot keep the pace with this dramatic growth spurt. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. Stretch marks don't all look alike. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. 2012;66(suppl):AB29. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. This not only minimizes stretch marks but also is healthy for you and your baby. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Many women experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in numerous ways to make room for the developing baby. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. There are many products and procedures that promise to remove stretch marks, but there aren’t any that have proven effective so far. Pulsed dye laser therapy encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Picard D, et al. Sudden weight gain. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. This continual tugging and stretching can cause stretch marks. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Puberty. Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. They vary depending on how long you've had them, what caused them, where they are on your body, and the type of skin you have. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. The causes of stretch marks can be difficult to understand. While stretch marks may be relatively common, they tend not to be a cause for celebration. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Just about anyone can develop it but as mentioned before, women are much more likely to … 2014;9:e97493. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. There is permanent breakage of the cells and fibers of the skin. While stretch marks are not dangerous, they can create itching or burning sensations, which can cause discomfort. Stretch marks are small narrow silver streaks that occur when the skin is stretched quickly. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks. Cushing syndrome causes elevated cortisol levels, which leads to rapid weight gain. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? All rights reserved. The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. They don’t discriminate. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. What Causes Stretch Marks. Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. Although it is a very common condition, particularly among women, it is still a skin condition that most would like to avoid. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. None of these methods has been proven to be highly effective. Stretch marks: Introduction. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. It is also known as "striae distensae". PLOS One. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Marfan syndrome can lead to decreased elasticity in … Causes for Stretch Marks on Stomach Other Than Pregnancy. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulsed dye laser therapy in that it uses a. Dermatologic Clinics. Stretch marks on your back, as with any location, occur once the skin has been stretched too far. British Journal of Dermatology. Most of these changes are only temporary and will go away after pregnancy. The marks are purplish-red at first, turning white and pearly over time. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Stretch marks are the number one thing that everyone hopes they don’t get. Causes Of Stretch Marks In Children. 2013;35:233. Extreme stretching can cause purple or red scars due to changes in the connective tissues and collagen fibers within the skin. Let us say you just got pregnant, the elasticity of the skin will be pushed further. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Work with your doctor to avoid gaining too much by eating well and exercising. Striae. Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. Up to 90% of women may be affected by the cracking of the skin during expansion from pregnancy leading to permanent stretch marks. having a history of delivering large babies or twins, Tretinoin cream (Retin-A, Renova) works by restoring. Superficial dermabrasion versus topical tretinoin on early striae distensae: A randomized, pilot study. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Stretch marks typically appear as bands of parallel lines on your skin. And so we strive to eliminate them by any means necessary. It’s best to use this therapy on newer stretch marks. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Applying self-tanning lotion to your stretch marks is a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your normal skin and your stretch marks. Maternal physiology. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. According to Dr. Akhavan, stretch marks are caused when there's a period of rapid growth in your body (like growth spurts, pregnancy, weight gain, or … Medical conditions: Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome. Let us know the reason for stretch … Hormone imbalances from birth through adulthood. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin.

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