Some medications, such as insulin, require a subcutaneous injection â meaning the needle only needs to pierce the skin. Stick the needle into the container and âinjectâ the air inside. If the injection will be given frequently, try to alternate injection sites. Regardless of where the spot lies, you may not want to get too comfortable with using the same spot for every injection. The plunger is withdrawn to â¦ Typically, an injection-site reaction is considered to be any pain, swelling, rash, bleeding, or redness that occurs at the site of an injection, although, serious reactions can occur (see sidebar 1). It is possible to give a dog an intramuscular injection in the tricep muscle above the front leg, in the quadricep muscle in the dog's rear leg, or in the dorsal lumbar muscles next to the spine near the dog's hips, according to Washington State University. Editorâs Note: This article was originally published in July 2013. 1. The length of the needle is also relevant to the type of injection and route of administration. Be sure to direct the needle away from the sciatic nerve to prevent nerve damage. Injecting straight into the vein can be tough for nonprofessionals, especially with critters covered in fur. Other medications will only work if administered into the muscles. Wipe off the top of the injection vial with an alcohol swab, draw-up the correct dosage and eject all the air from the syringe. 3. The loose skin over the shoulders and neck is an ideal injection location for canines. For each injection site, there is an injection site card (label) and a route of administration The task is to match all the injection card labels with the velcro dots on the model i.e. You should be especially careful about choosing the right syringe size for intramuscular injections. SUBCUTANEOUS INJECTION (SQ or SC) SQ injections are administered in the space between the skin and the underlying muscles. Change sites for the injections: It is important to use a different site each time you give an injection. Intramuscular or IM injections in birds are given into the pectoral muscle mass, which consists of superficial and deep pectoral muscles with a prominent fascial plane in between (see below). The needle is placed in the muscle belly. 3. The pectoral muscles are the only site recommended for IM injections in birds. Once the animal is restrained the tail vein is located laterally on both the right and left side of the tail. The tumor types behave similarly and are therefore treated the sameâ¦ California Vet Supply can provide you with more than just the advice in this article. In addition, when the injection pierces the skin, bacteria can enter the opening and cause an abscess. 4Describe why injections are given using different methods and in different places on an animalâs body. These should always be administered properly to be effective, minimize residues in the meat if the animal will be butchered later, minimize injection site lesions, and reduce the risks for adverse reactions. Pull back the syringe plunger to aspirate the syringe. Different Intramuscular Injection sites in dog: The triceps muscle belly located caudal to the humerus is one IM injection site. Restrain animal on a table as shown in picture. 1. A careful push of the plunger should remove the excess air. 3 8Ä±)è¬E'Ñ«¥7. Preventing injection site lesions. The avian patient poses special challenges for delivery of injectable medications. As for intravenous injections, you usually need to leave those to the veterinarian. våv«íÆ¹ºßº½ß6~J¸ãø½bbÁJ(àP1Á&òK£gÆÏB/VªpÞÁû¤,¤#Ìíféx°Ä 117 117SharesToday, among the spectrum of vaccine adverse events reported in dogs and cats, feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS) ranks as the most serious. Be extremely cautious while administering intramuscular injections because the sciatic nerve is located in the middle of the leg. Subcutaneous Injections. This practice removes air bubbles in the formula, which can cause medical chaos during the injection process. Get the right information from your vet, then get the right care products for your pet. Insert the needle 1â to 2â below the acromial process, usually two or three fingerbreadths. If the medication was refrigerated, let it rise to room temperature. Given the nature of syringes and needles, the procedure can be quite delicate and potentially painful. Other tumor types have been described (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma).